Masechet Rosh Hashanah [Rosh Hashanah Tractate] 1946 A joint tractate of the Hebrew units in the Torre area - Torre Annunziata - a town on the east coast of the Gulf of Naples in Italy, where the 56th Battalion of the Jewish Brigade under the command of Officer Maor Zoreah. The battalion operated in the area from 1942 until the end The War. At the end of the war, the battalion published a one-time stencil print of the Rosh Hashanah Tractate with illustrations, in the traditional Rosh Hashanah Machzor format with many original texts dealing with the establishment of the Hebrew Brigade as a force that eradicated tyranny and evil The war, and the world events in World War II, in pioneering, immigration to Eretz Israel, a difficult description of the horrors of the Holocaust, and the new world order at the end of the war. Rare and only publication in the world that does not appear in libraries around the world, not in the bibliographic literature of the Brigade publications in the 1940s, and no in the National Library.
The Masechet opens with excerpts taken from the traditional Rosh Hashanah prayers, 'בחדש השביעי באחד לחודש', and "Unetaneh Tokef", Then there is a passage describing the background to the establishment of the brigade, when World War II is called the "Gog and Magog War", and the part taken by the Battalion of the People of Israel "in his name and under its flag": "And it shall be in the sixth year of the war of Gog and Magog on Rosh Hashanah on the first of the month of Tishrei, the year 1945 Huge armies fought all over the world and killed men of war, including women, children and innocent children on the battlefields and in the Inferno camps ... Fire came down from the sky and on earth on the battlefields of France Belgium, Holland, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland, and all islands The Pacific Ocean ... and it was announced on the second of the first month that the Hebrew Brigade would be established and that the people of Israel would participate in the war under its name and under its flag ... "
Then comes the 'Battalion Song', which mentions, among other things, the Yalta Conference held in February 1945 towards the end of the War where Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met and discussed the division of territories and areas of influence between the victorious countries and the death of Franklin Roosevelt "The Great Leader President" In the face of the death of Adolf Hitler: "And... after ten days in the same month, that the head of the wicked that had dominion over the Gentiles disappeared from the world, This is the man whose name was slandered and cursed by tens of thousands all over the world ... "
Below is an excerpt announcing the surrender of German forces and a quote from Vicente Churchill's victory speech, and the atrocities committed by the Nazis that were discovered after the war: "And it was in these days of victory in the days of rejoicing for the nations and revealed the sight of all the horrors of the inferno camps and saw the suffering of Israel in its diaspora and suffering all the warriors to freedom. These are imprisoned for years in crescent houses and behind hard-working barbed wire. Those killed in the extermination camps with gas and fire and sword and stoning and suffocation ... ", And a prayer for revenge in the form of a two-house song.
Similarly, there is a passage referring to the illegal immigrant ships that brought the survivors to Eretz Israel: "And in the midst of these days, ships came to the shores of the country and brought immigrants, survivors, to a safe shore. They come and they are dressed in prisoners' clothes and a song of freedom in their mouths. And in the midst of these days, the building of the land continues ... the work continues. "
Towards the end of the 'Tractate' there is a mention of a number of historical events that took place during the war years: the Potsdam Conference on 17 July 1945 which convened at the Cecilienhof Palace in Potsdam on occupied German soil to establish new international arrangements at the end of the war, the convening of Zionist leaders at the end of the war, the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan, and the surrender of Japan.
The 'Tractate' ends with a passage: "The story of 1945 ended and what happened in it. War has ended from the world but the harsh decrees have not yet passed from the land and yet boys have not returned to their place and yet the captives have not been redeemed and yet the criminals have not been punished and yet redemption has not come. May the year 1946 come upon us for good and bring with it the ransom of captives and the rise of boys and the abolition of decrees and the opening of gates. Building and revival will come upon us and on all Israel for blessing", and then a song " We will stand in our place ".
On the cover is a drawing of a sword embedded in the ground, topped by a dove - unique symbol that characterizes the end of World War II.
 p. 21x17 cm. Very good condition. The print is a bit faded.