Hilsneruv proces - "The Hilsner Affair" by Aloise Pojmana, published by Nakladem Aug. Geringera Chicago, 1920 - First edition. Czech. Rare.
An early publication in which the author recounts all the details of the "Hilsner Affair" - the infamous blood libel that occurred in the Czech Republic in 1899. The author was born in Polná where the affair took place, and was familiar with the case up close, managed to immigrate to the United States with the help of local Jews, and published the essay before us work revealing the blood libel from beginning to end. Among other things the book includes a rare photo of the main witness in the case Petr Pesák, and more.
Anežka Hrůzová, a 19-year-old Czech Catholic girl, lived in the village of Věžnička and worked as a seamstress in the nearby village of Polna. On the afternoon of March 29, 1899, Anežka left her job as usual but did not come home. Three days later, her body was found in the forest, her throat cut and her clothes torn. A short distance away, they found a pool of blood, several bloodstained stones, parts of her clothes, and a rope with which they strangled her to death or dragged her body to where she was found. The incident took place in the midst of Passover, and the authorities and the local population began to claim that the murder was committed by a Jew. Suspicion fell on Leopold Hilsner, a 23-year-old Jew from the town of Polná who often walked in the forest in the area where the body was found, but in fact there was no sign linking him to the murder. Hilsner was arrested and tried at the court in Kuttenberg on September 12-16. He denied the accusations against him. Czech prosecutor Karl Bachs claimed that "there is a group of Jews who kill Christians in order to extract their blood". In fact, the court sentenced him to death for his participation in the murder. At the same time, Prof. Thomas Masaryk came to his defense, publishing a study entitled "The Necessity to Reexamine the Polna Trial" in which he proved the errors and injustices committed in this trial, and blamed the Austrian press, which he called Czech-Austrian Dreyfusiade, which initially took sides against Hilsner. The publication of the booklet flooded the affair and demonstrations for and against began. Thanks to this, an appeal was filed with the Court of Appeal in Vienna, citing technical errors in the trial, and the court ordered the opening of a new trial to be held in Pisek, in order to avoid intimidating the witnesses by the mob and the influence of political unrest. On June 11, 1901, the sentence was commuted by Emperor Franz Joseph to life imprisonment, and on March 24, 1918, Hilsner was pardoned by Emperor Karl. He spent the rest of his life in Velké Meziříčí, Prague, and Vienna, living from house-to-house commerce and enjoying little support from the Jewish community and Masaryk. In 1928, at the age of 52, he died in Vienna and his tombstone reads: "As an innocent victim of a lie of ritual murder, he was forgotten in prison for 19 years".
Extremely rare. Does not appear in the world catalog of libraries world cat.
85 p. Light stains. Good condition.