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The Picture Man of Zizenhausen - An early German publication about the Zizenhausen table figurines - Among the first ever antisemitic table figurines made

Opening price: $150

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04.08.2024 07:00pm

Der Bildermann von Zizenhausen - "The Picture Man of Zizenhausen" by Wilhelm Fraenger, published by Erlenbach-Zurich and Leipzig in 1922 - first edition. With 109 pictures out of which six in color. An early publication about the Zizenhausen figurines - the first antisemitic table figurines made as early as the 18th century. German.

An early publication about the Zizenhausen terracotta figurines. Table figurines made of clay and plaster in relief sculpture - art that began with Anton Sohn in the 18th century and continued with Callot and Willy, Grandville and Travies, and the Swiss Gottfried Mind and Heronimus Haas in the 19th century. The book provides an extensive historical overview of how the art of Zizenhausen began and developed over the years, with dozens of photographed examples of the table figurines, most by the pioneer of the field Anton Sohn. Works encompassed all areas of life. Artists sculpted scenes of middle-class people and clothing, nobility and commerce, and regarding Jews they were made in various antisemitic forms reflecting prevailing attitudes towards Jews - Jews lending with interest, the thieving Jewish merchant and more. In the book, which is actually a first historical overview of the Zizenhausen statues, among other things the works of antisemitic Zizenhausen are presented, and as the writer describes : "Antisemitic caricature developed rapidly between 1830 and 1850. In all of southwest Germany, deep resentment arose among the petty bourgeoisie and especially in agricultural circles against the Jewish broker, to whom they had to pay usurious interest...Hate literature exploded against the Jews, and during the long years of oppression, the most frightening caricatures against usury appeared in popular newspapers...this directly influenced the Zizenhausen works".

Zizenhausen figurines began with Anton Sohn's (1769-1841) works after he began producing the terracotta figurines named after his factory located in Zizenhausen in south Baden. In 1799 the Zizenhausen figures became particularly popular and filled the shop windows and stalls of the middle-class salons. The 1835 "figure catalog" notes "These figures serve as especially attractive room decorations on writing desks, cupboards, stoves, etc". The popularity was based on the figures humorously and nostalgically referring to eccentricities and weaknesses of middle-class people. Regarding Jews they appear as a strange people part of the agricultural society, with the prejudice against relying on Jews' commercial trust prominent in various figures. Soon appeared figurines of Jews negotiating goats, Jewish cattle merchants trying to sell a cow to gentiles, the "Goluchovs" Jewish family with money sacks and the mocking caption "Always live honestly and loyally", Jews trying to deceive the Swiss customs office, a Jewish merchant and market woman, a Jewish family before Shabbat and more.

See also antisemitic objects catalogue from the Finkelstein Collection: Antijudischer Nippes und populare Judenbilder p. 22-27.

53 [3] p. + 40 photo plates. 25 cm. Original bookstore sticker from Max Steinebach in Munich. Very good condition.

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60. The Picture Man of Zizenhausen - An early German publication about the Zizenhausen table figurines - Among the first ever antisemitic table figurines made