Auction 17

Eretz Israel, anti-Semitism, Holocaust, postcards and photographs, Maps and travel books, Judaica, Rabbinical Letters, and more

September 14, 2022
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1. A 'Happy New Year' blessing in the form of a bill - 100 million blessings

"רייכקייט לאנגעס לעבען זאל אייך גאט געבען" - "May G-d give you wealth and a long life" - a 'Happy New Year' note in the form of a Russian banknote, 'Happy New Year' greetings in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian. Russia, early 20th century. extremely rare.

At the top is the blessing in Yiddish: "רייכקייט לאנגעס לעבען זאל אייך גאט געבען" - "May G-d give you wealth and a long life", and "Happy New Year" blessings in Yiddish and Russian. On the right, in another frame, the blessing "May all the wishes of your heart be fulfilled for the best" in Yiddish. On the left, an illustration of Sara in the art nouveau style inside a designed medallion, and the verse: "Yisimchah E-lkim KeSara Ribka Rachel and Leah." Below "Winshea 100 million" - won a hundred million, on the right "Shanah Tova" in large Hebrew letters.

extremely rare. It does not appear in the Jewish new years from the beginning of the 20th century literature .

27x13 cm. Slight tear on the upper left - reinforced with glue on the back. Good condition.

Opening price: $350

2. An early and rare 'New Year' postcard- Germany, 1881

"LeShana Tova Tikatev" - An early and rare jewish 'Happy New Year' postcard, with greetings for the new year in Hebrew and German. A pair of angels waving a flying scroll on which is written "לשנה טובה תכתב" - "For a good year, write" in golden letters. Shofar of Rosh Hashanah and scales. Greetings also in German: "A new abundance of life and happiness...". On the back of the postcard greetings "to Rabbi HaGaon Mor. Rabbi Yaakov Mordechai NI". Parshat Nitsavim, September 16, 1881. The German mail. Extremely rare. One of the first Jewish 'Shana Tova' postcards ever printed.

In Haim Grossman's book 'New Year' postcards from the author's collection, 2019, can be find examples of jewish 'New Year' postcards with the angel motif that were issued in Germany as appears in the postcard before us. The earliest postcard that appears in his book is from 1897. Before us postcard that preceded it by almost 20 years!
Also, this postcard does not appear in "Past Perfect - The Jewish Experience in Early 20th Century Postcards" New York 1997.

9x14 cm. Uמdivided back. Tears in the left margin. Other than that, good condition.

Opening price: $120

3. An interesting collection of Jewish 'Happy New Year' cards, and more

An interesting collection of 10 New Year's cards and postcards, and jewish photo cards - among them rare. The 1930s to the beginning of the 1950s.

'Happy New Year' postcard with scenes from Eretz Israel - a greeting from Eretz Israel, Tel Aviv 1939, a rare 'Happy New Year' card with a greeting of peace and a happy New Year - the Zionist Federation in Tunisia - Tunis, rare real photo New Year cards, Opened 'Happy New Year' card with A photograph of the Western Wall and a blessing in the form of a poem in the handwriting of Mordechai Raziel (husband of Knesset member Esther Raziel Naor), a photo card - LeShana Tova Tikatevu - the third year to the State of Israel, a photograph of a Jew within borders in the shape of a Star of David, 'Happy New Year' Nitzanim.

Various sizes. general condition very good .

Opening price: $120
Sold: $150

4. Five rare Jewish 'Happy New Year' postcards

Five Jewish 'Shana Tova' postcards, and a 'Shana Tova' card, various places. Early of the 20th century.

'Happy New Year' postcard with photograph of the blessing against an illustration of Rachel's Tomb, Tel Aviv 1935 - on the back of the postcard handwritten blessings in Yiddish; Two "continuation" postcards - an angel holding scales and blessing for a new year, Williamsburg Publishing - New York, early 20th century; ' G-d will open to you his good treasure' - a rare 'New Year' postcard with a drawing of sacks of coins in an open strongbox, greetings also in Hungarian, on the back of the postcard an ink stamp from the city of Cluj; 'Happy New Year' postcard With a photograph of the place of the temple - undivided back, sent by mail in 1906; New Year card "Shnat Aliyah and building our country".

General condition good - very good.

Opening price: $120

5. A collection of jewish 'Happy New Year' postcards. Early 20th century

29 jewish 'New Year' postcards, some rare. Various places, early 20th century .

Among them: a 'Happy New Year' postcard with blessings in Yiddish - Reznik publishing house - Warsaw - New York, a 'New Year' postcard with scenes from Eretz Israel, postcards with high quality colored flower illustrations with a 'Happy New Year' greeting in Hebrew, English and German, Jewish customs, New Year postcards with a painted European landscape views, a postcard with the blessing 'Happy Hanukkah', postcards published by Williamsburg, and others.

19 of them were sent by mail. General condition good - very good

Opening price: $150
Sold: $170

6. A special collection of Jewish 'New Year' postcards

12 Jewish 'Happy New Year' postcards and cards, some of which are rare. Europe and the United States, various publishers - early 20th century.

Among them: 'New Year' postcard published by Reznik Warsaw - The Massiah is coming, a rare 'New Year' postcard in which a pilgrim from the Eastern countries waves the Israeli flag in his hand on his way to Eretz Israel, published by 'Central', Warsaw (Both do not appear in "Past Perfect - The Jewish Experience in Early 20th Century Postcards" New York 1997), 'לשנה טובה ברודער' - opens New Year card with blessings in Yiddish to "my brother", opens 'New Year' with greetings printed in Yiddish and German, floral New Year's cards in special designs, and more.

general condition very good .

Opening price: $250

7. Two official congressional postcards

* "The Fifth Congress of the Zionists in Basel, 1902" - an official postcard from the Fifth Zionist Congress held in Basel in 1902. A painting by Ephraim Moshe Lilian - an angel teaching a Jew to Zion, a farmer in a grove and the rising sun. Catalog Rimer no. 6.

* The Twelfth Zionist Congress - official postcard of the 12th Zionist Congress held in Carlsbad - 1921. It was the first congress held after the First World War. The postcard was mailed with an official congressional stamp. Catalog Rimer no. 37.

good condition.

Opening price: $300

8. An interesting collection of Theodor Herzl postcards and images

Five early postcards and images featuring Theodor Herzl, rare editions.

* A rare portrait of Benjamin Zeev Herzl. Odessa, October 7, 1904, only three months after his death. Chromo-lithography on cardboard. Herzl joins hands, around is a decorated frame, and the caption in Russian: Доктор Теодор Герцль - 'Dr. Theodor Herzl'. Below are printer details, censorship approval, location, year, and issue.

Size: 17x12 cm.

* Dr. Theodor Herzl - undivided back postcard published by B. AUSKERIN Berlin, apparently issued during Herzl's lifetime, around 1900.

* A 'New Year' postcard with Herzl's portrait next to the Israeli flags "Tachel Shana Ubirchotea", published by D. Markadis Jerusalem.

* Erez Herzl - a real photo postcard published by "Lebanon" showing the tree planted in Herzl's memory.

* Photo of Herzl from the side - signed on the back - Vienna 1937.

general condition very good .

Opening price: $250

9. Theodor Herzl - The Basel Congress. Warsaw, 1897

The Basilian Congress by Dr. Theodore Herzl, translated with special license from the author by Michal Berkavitch, published by the Achiasaf Company, Warsaw 1897. First edition in Hebrew of the summary of the First World Zionist Congress as written by Herzl himself. Ink stamp of the library in Kovna.

The title page reads: "With the author's picture and the original text and his signature in Hebrew", but apparently Herzl's picture was not attached to the printed editions. Even in the copy found in the National Library it appears without the author's picture.

Attached the book: Herzl lebt! A zionistische Broschüre. Herzl is alive! Zionist pamphlet. Berlin 1933, a booklet about the life of Theodor Herzl with important landmarks in his life, Musical notes, and publication about the work of National Fund for Israel and Keren Hayesod.

16 p. New cover. Good condition.

Opening price: $120
Sold: $200

10. Albert Einstein - Relativity - First edition in Yiddish. Warsaw, 1923

ספעציעלע און אלגעמיינע רעליאסטיוויטעטס - טעאריע - 'special relativity and general relativity, ' - first edition in Yiddish of Albert Einstein's icon book "Theory of Relativity", translation: K. Gutenbaum. Published by A. Gitlin, Warsaw 1923.

The relativity that includes the two physical theories — special relativity and general relativity — developed by Albert Einstein in the early 20th century changed the human worldview regarding the basic concepts of physics — time, space, mass, and energy. Since its publication it has been translated into several languages, even earlier, and only in 1923 was it first translated into Yiddish, about a year after Einstein won the Nobel Prize in Physics. The source used to translate this edition is the 1920 Braunschweig edition.

[2], IV [1], leaves. 109 [3] p. 22 cm. Old cardboard cover. Good condition.

Opening price: $300
Sold: $700

11. WELCOME ZIONISTS Large cloth flag from Biltmore Conference, 1942

WELCOME ZIONISTS - A large cotton flag that was hoisted at the international Zionist conference held at the Biltmore Hotel in New York - the "Biltmore Conference" which was held on May 6-11, 1942. extremely rare.

On the flag is written in large blue letters "Welcome Zionists" and Star of David in the center. Blue silk letters on white cotton fabric. The flag was hung to welcome the Zionist delegates who came especially to the Biltmore Conference, which paved the way for the continuation of the Zionist enterprise [see below].

The Biltmore Conference, which took place in New York City at the Biltmore Hotel between May 6 and 11, 1942, was a major event at a fateful time for the Jewish people. The conference, organized by the president of the Zionist Organization of America, Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, in collaboration with the president of the World Zionist Organization, Chaim Weizman, and the chairman of the Jewish Agency, David Ben-Gurion. The conference was convened in the absence of the possibility of holding the Zionist Congress during World War II, however A significant effort was made to make it as similar as possible to the Congress, and about 600 delegates from 18 countries participated. At the conference, a central message emerged for European Jewry in its most difficult hour: "a message of hope and encouragement to their Jewish brothers in the ghettos and concentration camps of Europe controlled by Hitler" and prayers that "The hour of their release may not be far off."
The Biltmore Conference established a milestone in the beginning of the struggle led by Ben-Gurion for the immediate establishment of the Jewish state, against the background of disappointment in the Zionist movement from the White Paper of 1939, which completed Britain's gradual withdrawal from its commitment to the principle of a national home for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel. In view of Britain's dependence on American aid during the war, Ben-Gurion thought in 1941 that any decision made regarding the Land of Israel after the war would be made with the decisive involvement of the United States, And so he began to strengthen his ties with the Zionist leadership there, in order for it to increase its influence on the American government so that it would support the Zionist plan. At that conference, three main sections were determined. A. Opening the gates of the land for free Jewish immigration. B. Handing over the supervision of the immigration and the development of the land in the uninhabited areas to the Jewish Agency. C. A demand for the establishment of a "Jewish Commonwealth" and, in fact, a sovereign Jewish state in the entire territory of Eretz Israel (undivided) which will be integrated into the democratic system after the war.
In November of that year, the Zionist Executive Committee in Jerusalem approved, by a large majority, the main points of the plan that became the official political platform of the Zionist movement. In Petah Tikva and Tel Aviv-Jaffa there are streets named after the Biltmore plan.

91x90 cm. Light peeling of paint in some of the letters. overall condition good.

Opening price: $400
Sold: $550

12. The envelope of the Constituent Assembly of the State of Israel with the signatures of 12 of its members!

KKL-envelope of "The Constituent Assembly for the State of Israel Jerusalem" envelope with a Hebrew postage stamp, signed. On the envelope signed 12 members of the Constituent Assembly (the first Knesset for the State of Israel - members of the 'provisional government').

The signatories:

* * David Ben-Gurion (Chairman of the People's Administration and the first Prime Minister)

* Moshe Sharetuk (Sharet, the first foreign minister of the State of Israel and the second prime minister).

* David Remez (the first Minister of Transportation of the State of Israel).

* Yosef Sheprintsek (Chairman of the First Knesset).

* Yitzhak Greenboim (the first interior minister of the State of Israel).

* Haim Moshe Shapira (the first Minister of Health of the State of Israel).

* Peretz Bernstein (the first Minister of Commerce and Industry of the State of Israel).

* Yitzhak Meir Levin (the first relief minister of the State of Israel).

* Rabbi Yehuda Leib HaCohen Fishman Maimon (Minister of Religions and the first Minister of War Victims of the State of Israel).

* Aharon Cizling (the first Minister of Agriculture of the State of Israel).

* Bachor-Shalom Sheetrit (the first police minister of the State of Israel).

* Pinchas Rosen - Felix Rosenblit (the first Minister of Justice of the State of Israel).

All the signatories except Sheprintsek also signed the Declaration of Independence, and were also members of the Provisional State Council that operated from 05/14/1948 to 3/10/1949, the date when the first government was formed after the elections to the first Knesset. On the envelope stamped of the Constituent Assembly of the State of Israel, Jerusalem, 2.16.1949.

The Constituent Assembly was the first elected body in the State of Israel, whose role was to establish the Constitution of the State of Israel. Its composition was determined in the elections for the Constituent Assembly on January 25, 1949. In the Declaration of Independence, it was determined that the Constituent Assembly would establish a constitution for the country by October 1, 1948, according to which "the elected and regular authorities of the country" would be established. In practice, the assembly convened for the first time on February 14, 1949, and within just two days decided to change its designation from a constituent assembly to a legislative house and its name "the Knesset".

12.5x15.5cm. Slight stains. Very good condition.

Opening price: $300
Sold: $600

13. "Jewish state" - an issue of the Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper from November 29th

A historical issue of the newspaper "Yedyot Ahronoth", dated: 11/29/47, second issue (the evening newspaper), announcing the establishment of the Jewish state as decided on that day in November 29 at the UN Assembly, titled: "Hebrew State, 33 in favor, 13 Against, 10 Abstain, 1 absent, all the Arabs' efforts to postpone the historic decision failed."

In the main article, there was an extensive report about what happened in the UN plenary in preparation for the approval of the partition plan, and the plots of the Arabs again and again to prevent and disrupt the vote, as well as about the discussions that preceded the historic decision.

Acceptance of the partition plan proposal "Resolution 29 November" at the UN General Assembly is considered one of the most important events in the history of Zionism, the plan was approved by the Jewish Agency which functioned as the de facto government of the Yishuv and rejected by the Arab leadership. The plan paved the way for the end of the British mandate and the establishment of the State of Israel.

[1] leaf, 50 cm. Glued to a hard surface for display and preservation. Very good condition.

Opening price: $150

14. Prizes will be paid to those who lead to the imprisonment of the "absconded criminals" from Acre Prison in May 1947 - a trilingual poster with "wanted" pictures of Acre Prison inmates

"Retribution - The Palestinian Police will pay prizes to those who lead to the imprisonment of the "absconded criminals" from Acre Prison on May 4, 1947." A trilingual poster - Hebrew, English and Arabic, which guarantees a monetary reward to those who will lead to the finding of the Jewish prisoners who escaped from the Acre prison. July, 1947.

The pictures and names of the Jewish refugees appear in three languages:
Top row: Dov Ben-Tzruya, Simcha Ozer, Yoav Levy, Yitzhak Wilnzik, Zalman Bergman, Moshe Ben-Haim Armoni, Menachem Asher Schiff, Menachem Binder, Nissim Kashish, Yosef Nachmias.
Middle row from left: Avraham Poodlon, Moshe Tziron, Chaim Ender, Chaim Luster, Yerachmiel Rom, Yaakov Levy, Wolf Rosenberg, Avraham Tzafnia, Yehoshua Zelter, Benjamin Kaplan.
Bottom row, left: Haim Applebaum (appears in the ad as "wanted" but was actually killed during the escape. Applebaum, a member of the underground who took part in Bold promotions, including the attack on British military airports (2.25.1946) and the explosion of the Naaman Bridge near Acre (4.2.1946) in the operation to blow up the British railway workshops in Haifa (6.17.1946) was the deputy commander of the force. The operation itself was successful but the withdrawal failed, 11 fighters were killed and Haim with 18 fighters and 4 more Women warriors were captured and a military tribunal sentenced the young men to death and was later converted to life imprisonment. As stated, Haim was shot and killed in the escape attempt), Nissim Gershon, Avraham Bachar, David Meiri, Yosef Frankfurt, Yehuda Katz, Yehoshua Becker, Aharon Wintel, Yitzhak Ganzweich.

The break-in at Acre Prison was a raid by the Irgun, held on May 4, 1947, during which an Irgun force disguised as a British engineering company broke through the walls of Acre Prison and many inmates escaped. The fugitives included 41 Etzel and Lehi prisoners, six of whom were killed in the retreat and eight more were captured and returned to prison. 27 of them managed to go free, including senior Irgun commanders such as Eitan Livni. The breaking force numbered 34 fighters, three of whom, including Operation Commander Dov Cohen, were killed during the withdrawal. The three IDF fighters - Meir Nackar, Avshalom Habib and Yaakov Weiss, who were arrested by the British were later executed, and the remaining two, Amnon Michalov and Menachem Ostrovitz, were sentenced to life imprisonment.
The heroic action resonated all over the world, and had a strong moral impact on the Jewish community in Eretz Israel and on paving the way in the struggle for the establishment of the state. The operation severely damaged the prestige of the British, and it affected the end of the British Mandate in Israel.

A rare poster. To the best of our knowledge has never appeared at auctions. The copy in the National Library is full of tears and pastes, before us is a perfect copy.

40x30 cm. given in lamination for preservation. Very good condition.

Opening price: $200
Sold: $260

15. "Many of the freedmen of Buchenwald and Dachau shouted that even in the Nazi concentration camps they did not foresee such manifestations of evil" - a proclamation describing the deportation of the "Atlantic" refugees to the island of Mauritius

"Some details from the deportation case" - a proclamation describing the transport and deportation of the "Atlantic" liners from the Atlit prison through the port of Haifa to the island of Mauritius. Published on behalf of Mishmar HaYishuv. 12.12.1940, three days after the deportation of the illegal immigrants from the country.

A horrifying proclamation that was published shortly after the deportation of the Atlantic ship, and describes in detail the manner in which the British seized the immigrants by force, and led them to the ships on the way to deport them from the country to the island of Mauritius. The author describes how: "On Sunday, many police forces with various military and police officers began flocking to the quarantine camp of the illegal immigrants in Atlit. The British police were armed with batons... Army and police forces broke into the illegal immigrants' barracks and started a war against the women, the elderly, and the children in the camp. The Sticks operated without any distinction as to age... The wrestling lasted for hours, and four policemen would carry one man on blankets, naked, wounded, bleeding. And so the immigrants were loaded into covered military cars and driven to the port through a special gate before the entrance to the city...". After hours of fighting, the illegal immigrants were brought with their clothes torn to the port of Haifa in preparation for their deportation from the country to the island of Mauritius where they stayed for about five years. The announcer concludes: "Despite the war and censorship, the settlement will find a way to convey its message to the world and bring the criminals in charge of the country's administration to justice."

It is important to note that many those who arrived in Eretz Israel aboard the Atlantic ship were Jews from Romania who managed to escape the terror of the Nazi regime, and even so they had already gone through many hardships on their way to Eretz Israel. The ship itself arrived in the country after the illegal immigrants themselves took over the ship. "Milos" and "Pacific" which sailed at the same time, arrived first and were captured by British military forces. The British gathered the smugglers in the deportation ship "Patria", with the intention of taking them to the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. The "Atlantic" sailors who survived the explosion of the ship by the "Haganah" were sent on December 9, 1940 to the island of Mauritius.

17X23 cm. Fold marks. Good condition.

Opening price: $120
Sold: $140

16. THE STORY OF THE ARAB LEGION. London, 1948 - First Edition

The Story of the Arab Legion by Brigadier John Bagot Glubb, Hodder & Stoughton Publishing, London 1948 - First Edition. Accompanied by many rare photographs of Legion soldiers in training and operational activities, and maps. English. Hardcover with the original dust jacket, all complete.

The author, a British officer who himself joined the Arab Legion in 1931 reviews the story of the Legion starting from its establishment in 1921 from the military (non-political) aspect. A considerable part of the book is devoted to the Bedouin's role as Legion fighters. The book was written for the British population who were unfamiliar with the culture and way of life of the Arabs who made up the Legion, in order to present to them up close and indirectly their culture, and the way they shaped the "Arab soldier". The author has lived in Arab countries in general for 27 years, and in the book he brings many rare photographs from his private collection - important photographs of the Legion soldiers in their day-to-day activities, most of them over an entire page.

371 p. 23 cm. Few stains. Hardcover with original dust jacket. Tears on the bottom of the cover - completed with supporting paper. general condition good - very good.

Opening price: $150
Sold: $220

17. RESOLUTION - The opposition of the Reform rabbis in the United States to the Balfour Declaration - Chicago, 1918

RESOLUTION adopted by the Central Conference of American Rabbis at chicago ill, july 4th, 1918 - The official response of the Union of Reform Rabbis in the USA to the Balfour Declaration.

A printed leaf of the official response of the Union Reform Rabbis in the United States to the Balfour Declaration, who are fundamentally opposed to the spirit of the declaration. It was published about seven months after the signing of the Balfour Declaration. The rabbis are grateful for the good will arising from the declaration, but express reservations about the clause stating that the Land of Israel is The homeland of the Jewish people. Jews, like all other religions, have the right to live equally in any country in the world, and they should not be treated as having more ties to one land than to another. And they write explicitly: "We oppose the idea that Palestine should be considered the homeland of the Jews", adding that the Jews in America are part of the American nation, and that "the ideal of the Jew is not the establishment of a Jewish state", and that the destiny of the Jewish people is to "witness to G-d" in all parts of the world.
The statement is signed in print by Edward N. Calisch the chairman and 18 other rabbis, and also was sent to the British cabinet.

The Central Conference of American Rabbis (The CCAR) was founded in 1889, and is the largest and oldest organization of Reform rabbis in the USA. The position presented in the document before us characterized the position of the Reform movement in its "classic" period [1870-1918], which adopted the concept of universal mission, and in light of This was opposed to the Zionist movement. In the years between the two world wars, the position of the Reform movement towards Zionism changed. The change resulted from broad developments within the Reform movement and outside it, and was first and foremost related to a general house inspection conducted by a new generation of Reform leaders in the movement and its goals. In the United States as a whole, the Zionist ideology became is more accepted, mainly thanks to the thinking of Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, a member of the reformist circles, who presented Zionism as part of a proud Jewish position within the framework of American Jewish patriotism. And especially in light of the fact that the movement could not oppose the vision of the Jewish state, which over the years became more and more a reality, until it was realized to an existing fact.

[1] leaf (printed on one side), 21.5 cm. Good condition.

Opening price: $250
Sold: $280

18. An underground publication of the Lah'i organization - December 1946

LOHAMEI HERUT ISRAEL L. H. I. - BULLETIN - Underground bulletin #1 issued in December 1946. English. Stencil printing. rare.

An internal publication of the Lah'i organization in which there is an in-depth analysis of the Balance of power - British - Arabs - Jews, the situation and the attitude towards the survivors who came to Eeretz Israel after the Holocaust, a list of hostilities of Arabs against Jews in the Land of Israel, the influence of the countries of the world on what is happening in the Land of Israel, plans Underground operation, and more. On every page of the bulletin, the bravery and courage of the organization that saw itself as the leader of the struggle for a Hebrew state, and was not afraid of anything, is evident.

11 pages. Very good condition.

Opening price: $120
Sold: $140

19. Issue No. 1 of the "General Zionists" organization in Eretz Israel, December 1938

"We would like to issue bulletins from time to time on the occurrence in the ranks of the general Zionist workers in the Land of Israel and their friends in the Diaspora..." - The organization of the General Zionist Workers in the Land of Israel, the national secretariat. Bulletin number 1, Tel Aviv, 12.1.38 - an internal bulletin for the members of "The Zionist Worker" - the first issue - issued by the organization in Eretz Israel. Rare. Typewriter printing.

The first issue reports on a number of important events that took place at that time: the number of immigrants who were taken in by the various settlements, teenagers from the "Aliyat HaNoar" group who immigrated from Austria to Nahalal, the members of the organization who were sent to pick throughout the country, the initial arrangement of dormitories for working women, the establishment of a neighborhood of workers in Rechovot, the establishment of nucleus of the settlement in Kibbutz Tel - Yitzhak, the establishment of evening classes for the Hebrew language, the organization's youth movement and the establishment of the newspaper "Madurot", "Yizkor" the those who fell in the defense of the land, noting the fact that: "almost all of the organization's members participate in the front of the defense in all its forms", and more.

The phrase "general Zionists" was originally given to circles within the Zionist movement and congress delegates who were in the center of the map and were not members of any party, some of them members of the Histadrut. In 1935, the movement split into the "World Federation of General Zionists" (Group A) who supported the Weizmann policy in relation to Great Britain and action also within the General Workers' Union, and to the "World Alliance of General Zionists" (group B) who opposed the Weizmann policy and supported the establishment of an independent organization of general Zionist workers in the Land of Israel. After the establishment of the State of Israel it became the liberal party which is part of the components of the Likud movement.

[3] leaves. 33 cm. Good condition.

Opening price: $120

20. An early anti-Semitic decree forbidding the Jews to lend at interest to Gentiles. Prussia, 1714

Nachdem Seine königliche Majestät in Preußen - 'After His Majesty in Prussia' - An anti-Semitic royal decree, forbidding Jews to lend at interest to Gentiles, and setting penalties for Jews who violate the regulation. Halberstadt, November 24, 1714. German.

After news was received that the Jews... were taking interest from Christian subjects, thus causing their impoverishment, it was decreed that the Jews in Leipzig and all the neighboring districts and countries were forbidden to take an annual interest exceeding 10% of the loans, so that the monthly interest would not exceed 1%. A Jew who borrows at a higher interest rate, or a non-Jew who agrees to accept such a loan, expected to be severely punished. The subjects must monitor every place and place that the installation is kept. Principality of Halberstadt, November 24, 1714.

[1] leaf. thick paper. 41x32 cm. Fold mark. Stains. Good condition.

Opening price: $150
Sold: $240

21. La Libre Parole - Édouard Drumont - Five early issues

Five early issues of the antisemitic weekly 'La Libre Parole' edited by the antisemitic agitator journalist Édouard Drumont, founder of the Antisemitic League in France. Different months in the years 1894-1895.

On the covers of the sheets and on the back of each sheet is a large anti-Semitic cartoon depicting the Jewish Rothschild family's takeover of French capital, and the French economy imprisoned by the Jews, and the Jews getting rich at the expense of the lower class.

The weekly "La Libre Parole" (The Free Word) was published by the journalist Édouard Drumont (1844-1917). On the title page of each issue is a large antisemitic cartoon printed in color. At the top of each issue appeared the slogan: "La France aux Français" - 'France for the French'. On the inside pages are antisemitic articles condemning the Jews, and the danger that threatens France from their presence.

Drumont's newspaper was the first to publish the arrest of Alfred Dreyfus on November 1, 1894 - the title page of the paper featured the news of Dreyfus' arrest. Drumont was proud of the contribution of his articles and newspaper to the prevention of what he called the "fall of France into the hands of the Jews." The obsessive venom of Drumont's articles in the days of the Dreyfus affair provoked a marked increase in the sales of his newspaper, which this time reached a circulation of one hundred thousand copies. Drumont became popular at the time by his inciting messages against the Jews and capitalism, and by his militant and exciting speech to the masses and he boasted that he had become a kind of "pope of anti-Semitism." His views also resonated beyond the borders of France, and a few decades later influenced the policies of the Vichy regime and its collaborators with the Nazis in France during World War II.

5 complete sheets 38 cm. Good condition.

Opening price: $200
Sold: $220

22. Four Antisemitic Posters - Monsters Exhibition

Posters No. 13, (January 1900), 15 (January 1900), 18 (February 1900), 49 (November 1900), from the Musée des Horreurs series ["Monsters Exhibition" / "Museum of Horrors"]. Paris. Hand-painted lithographic print. signed in print by V. Lenepveu. French.

The series "Monsters Exhibition" was published during the Dreyfus affair under a pseudonym, and included 51 large posters with anti-Dreyfus illustrations, antisemitic, and against the "Bonim". The series was published in France over a period of about a year, between October 1899 and December 1900. The original plan was to issue 200 Posters in the series, but in fact only 51 came out. The first posters in the series sold over 300,000 copies. In October 1899 the French police arrested a number of peddlers who sold posters from the series on the orders of District Commander Louis Lapin. According to some reports, Lapin ordered the distribution of posters to be stopped following a request he received from Baron de Rothschild, who claimed that the damage in distributing them is irreversible. In February 1900 the local police sent letters in which they threatened to revoke the trade license from Merchants who would sell the posters, and since then their distribution has stopped.

Size: 65x50. Some have slight tears in the margins. Good condition.

Opening price: $250

23. A magnificent folder containing four passport photographs of Alfred Dreyfus's greatest supporters. [France, c. 1900]

A magnificent foder containing four original passport photographs of the great supporters of Alfred Dreyfus who led to his acquittal during the affair that shook France and all of Europe. [France c. 1900]. The photographs are glued to cardboard panels framed by hand, and protected with thin paper.

Photographs from left to right:

* Edgar Demange [1841-1925] Dreyfus' lawyer in the military trial in 1894. Represented Dreyfus in Esterhazy's trial. During the trial he served as a defense attorney along with Labory. The two disagreed on the strategy of the defense.

Fernan Labory [1860-1917]. Lawyer specializing in criminal law. Known for his flamboyant behavior. Defended Zola in 1898 as well as Dreyfus in the Rennes trial.

* Georges Picquart [1854-1914]. Worked in the Ministry of War, was present at Dreyfus's military trial in 1894, one of the first to suspect Esterhazy's forged letters, which led him to turn to his superiors to demand the re-opening of the Dreyfus case, he discussed this with his attorney Lablois, who brought the matter to the attention of Scherer Kastner. Picquart was sent to prison and dismissed from the army. In 1906, after the acquittal of Dreyfus, he was returned to service.

* apperantly Jean Léon Jaurès [1859-1914] One of the first social democrats in France. He was one of the leaders of the group that demanded a retrial for Dreyfus. He tried to prevent the outbreak of the First World War, and was murdered for this by a French nationalist.

Passport size photographs: 2x2 cm. Folder 24x18 cm. general condition very good

Opening price: $200
Sold: $440

24. Collection of Real-photo postcards from the honor ceremony held for Dreyfus at the ECOLE MILITAIRE after his acquittal. Paris, 1906

15 Real-photo postcards from the honor ceremony held for Alfred Dreyfus in the courtyard of the ECOLE MILITAIRE after his total acquittal in 1906.

Among the postcards: Soldiers of the French Order of Honor await Dreyfus upon arriving at the ceremony, Dreyfus talks to generals after his ranks have been restored, the Order of Honor from various angles, General Jean satisfied after awarding the Legion of Honor Cross to Dreyfus, The Order of Honor from different photo angles (among them a rare color postcard "The return of Dreyfus"), associates and generals celebrate, and more.

On July 12, 1906, the Court of Appeals overturned the verdict of the Rennes Court. A day later, the National Assembly decides by majority vote to restore to Dreyfus and Picard the ranks of officers who have been deprived of them, and to raise Dreyfus to the rank of major and to award him the Legion of Honor. On July 21, the ECOLE MILITAIRE held an honorary ceremony in the presence of the military, its family, and its close friends, as the weighty response to the ceremony of humiliation that took place exactly 11 years earlier in which its ranks were removed after being accused of betrayal in the homeland.

General condition very good.

Opening price: $150
Sold: $160